5 Knots Every Survivalist Should Know

Many men learn how to tie knots when they are younger, especially if they spent any time with the Boy Scouts. Additionally, learning to tie rope is an essential skill of many professions and hobbies, like firefighting or rock climbing. However, as a survivalist, you should also take a keen interest in tying knots because it might save your life one day. There are at least five knots every survivalist should know and have memorized.

1. Figure-Eight: The Essential Survival Knot

The figure-eight knot is the foundational knot. It provides a base for building other popular life-saving knots, but that doesn’t mean it is quite capable on its own. From the traditional figure-eight knot, you can make the figure-eight follow-through which is ideal for securing anything to the end of a rope, even yourself. In fact, the figure-eight knot is used by mountain climbers to ensure they do not rappel off the end of the rope.

Additionally, using a similar method for creating the figure eight, you can also make the figure eight on a bight. This particular knot helps create a hand or foothold in the rope, and it can do so while maintaining 85% of the rope’s strength. You can use this knot to attach multiple objects to a single rope or to create climbing holds.

2. The Trucker’s Hitch: High Tension and Efficiency

When you are out in the wilderness, and the weather picks up, you will need to tie down your supplies and build a shelter; the trucker’s hitch knot is one of the most secure knots for heavy loads. This knot is handy for tying things down to the roof of your car or securing a tarp for shelter in gale-force winds.

The knot allows you to create high tension on the working end of the rope by cinching down. It is incredibly adaptable and will work for securing various-sized loads. The trucker’s hitch is likely one of the most useful knots in survival situations.

3. The Clove Hitch Knot: Adjustable and Perfect for Makeshift Situations

Survival situations often leave you wanting shelter or escape. Building a shelter without modern tools, nails, and screws means you will need to tie things together. The clove hitch knot is the perfect knot. As an adjustable knot, you can secure multiple items together and readjust the tightness as you go. Because of the versatility of the knot, you can use it to build not only shelters but rafts.

4. Sheet Bend Knot: The Key To Unending Lengths of Rope

Sometimes, you will need to tie multiple lengths of rope together to form one great length of rope. While not all knots are capable of adjoining multiple ropes securely, the sheet bend knot is different. This backcountry knot can tie two ropes of differing sizes together without slipping or failing. It is also quick to tie, making it perfect for spontaneous situations.

5. The Bowline: The Ultimate Survival Knot

Look no further than the bowline if you are looking for a dependable, versatile, and useful knot. The bowline is easy to tie, will not cinch, and it will never slip. You can tie it around or through something. You can even tie it one-handed and quickly. It is ideal for everything from building shelter to establishing a bear hang for your food. Finally, it is easy to tie and untie.

Survival knots come in all shapes and sizes, and there are more than the five mentioned above. What is your favorite knot? Leave a comment below.

CategoriesDisaster Response Prepping Survivalism

The Best Portable Water Purification Gadgets for Your Go Bag

Every living thing needs water to survive. Unfortunately, some disasters might lead to contaminated water supplies, making fresh, clean water a limited resource. In such situations, a prepper or survivalist knows the importance of water purification. While many preppers might have a freshwater stockpile, it is hard to take that on the move. For emergencies that require travel, it is best to have water purification options in your go-bag.

The Importance of Water Purification

If you are in a dire situation without access to a freshwater supply, you can boil water to kill off bacteria and eliminate some contaminants. Sometimes, survival situations require the consumption of whatever water source you have access to. You have to weigh the pros and cons, acknowledging the health risks with the survival options. 

Not all water sources provide clean drinking water. The bacteria and contaminants in these areas can make you violently ill, and in some cases, leave you battling infections without access to antibiotics or treatment.

Because of the risk of drinking from many natural sources, it is best to have a water purification option with you at all times. There are many options available that provide you with enough filtration for hundreds or thousands of gallons.

Top Portable Water Purification Options

While you can set up a water purification system at your homestead, that system will not do you much good if you need to evacuate. For evacuations, you will need a purification method that fits into your go-bag. There are at least three portable purification methods for the savvy prepper.

1. Straws

One of the most popular products on the market is LifeStraw, and it is considered a personal water filter. The original straw version is a decent filtration system, it removes 99.9999% of bacteria and 99.9% of protozoa, and it lasts for 1,000 liters, filtering down to 0.2 microns. Unfortunately, it will not remove all viruses, minerals, and chemicals. 

There are other options that make drinking easier, and some even filter down to 0.1 microns. The main takeaway is that a filtration straw — or bottle for that matter — is an easy filtration option that can fit easily into any go-bag.

2. Tablets

Tablets are another option for water purification on the go. The tablets are fairly straightforward: you gather one to two liters of water, filter it through a cloth, and drop the tablet in. After approximately 30 minutes, you can safely drink the water without worrying about dangerous microbes.

According to some research, purification tablets, such as Aquatabs, provide a similar result to many municipal water treatment centers.  These tablets can eliminate 99% or more of the biological content in water if you follow the directions.

3. Chemicals

While you can use chemicals like chlorine or chlorine dioxide to clean drinking water, you will need to use caution. Unless you have significant experience treating water with such chemicals, it is best to stick to either tablets or filtration bottles and straws.

Water purification is essential to survival in the wild or when other water sources are contaminated. Without adequate filtration, water can contain thousands of potentially hazardous microbes in every drop. What are your favorite filtration methods? Leave a comment below.

CategoriesDisaster Response Finance Prepping Survivalism

SHTF Money: Creating a Plan for When the Unexpected Happens

The general rule for an emergency fund is six to nine months’ worth of expenses — although some experts believe it should be six to nine months’ worth of net income — but only 25% of Americans, according to a recent study, have the minimum requirement. Additionally, only 39% have enough savings to pay for a $1,000 emergency before acquiring a loan or using credit. That is not good enough.  In an actual SHTF economic situation, how long would you last? Do you have enough money to survive and wait out the crisis or prepare for your next move?

The SHTF Money Plan

Creating a money plan is a straightforward process, but it takes discipline and commitment. Before you can start planning for savings, you need to take a hard look at your finances. How much money do you have coming in, and where does it go? 

To keep track of your money, you need to create a spending log — don’t worry too much about making cuts at first. Record every dollar you spend, even for that $1.50 candy bar at the local gas station. A thorough spending log will help you understand how you spend money. For many people, logging their money is enough to curtail some bad habits.

Continue to log your spending habits for a month. After you have a month’s worth of information, go through your logbook and divide your spending into two categories: needs and wants. Needs would consist of mortgage payments, rent, insurance, gas, food, etc. Wants would include spending on entertainment, clothing accessories, eating out, etc. 

With the final calculations, you want to look at your wants and needs lists to determine if there are any areas you can cut spending. For example, if you are eating out a lot, consider limiting such occasions to once or twice per week.

The idea is to make necessary cuts to create a surplus of available cash. The excess should be put back into a savings account. Every month you will contribute to this savings until you build your emergency or SHTF reserve. Saving takes time, and it can and likely will require patience. Obviously, the more you sacrifice, the quicker you can save, but remember that you need to live, too.

Why You Need an Emergency Fund

Emergency funds are paramount to survival and preparation. No one knows when financial troubles will arise, whether personal, national, or global. You can experience job loss, or the economy can collapse, war can lead to shortages, etc. An emergency fund means you can better survive the temporary or more permanent threats.

The Right Amount of Savings for Your Situation

The right amount of savings varies from individual to individual. Your SHTF account might only require a few thousand dollars to get through six months, especially if you have a live-off-the-land mindset and a stable inexpensive homestead. 

For most people, however, a minimum of six months’ worth of expenses is a good starting point. It is crucial to understand this is a bare-bones strategy; you will not have any extra money for entertainment or unexpected expenses. Therefore, while a decent strategy, it is better to plan for six months’ worth of your net income — better still, nine months. 

There is no quick path to building an SHTF money stash; it requires patience and discipline. Take a hard look at your spending habits and make cuts you can live with. Commit to putting back a specific percentage of your income toward your emergency fund. You can do this.

Got any pointers? Leave a comment below.

CategoriesPrepping Survivalism

Life Is Risks: The Dangers Lurking Behind Everyday Tasks and Activities

As a prepper, it is natural to think about the big prospective disasters, like wildfires, hurricanes, economic collapse, etc. Unfortunately, when always looking at the larger picture, it is easy to forget that danger lurks around every corner.

Every day, people put themselves in harm’s way by performing everyday tasks; for example, driving is one of the most dangerous things you can do. However, despite the dangers you face, you still — more than likely — make it to tomorrow. To help ensure you remain safe, note the activities you routinely perform because, more often than not, complacency is the real threat.

Dangers of Driving

You have likely heard that driving your car is more dangerous than traveling by plane. Several things make driving hazardous, including:

  • Road conditions
  • Blind turns
  • Music
  • Outside distractions
  • Other drivers

Additionally, using your cellphone while driving puts you at an incredibly high risk of an accident. The National Safety Council estimates that cell phone use is responsible for 1.6 million car accidents per year.

Dangers of Childcare

Even taking care of your family can lead to accidents and injuries. Carrying your child around the house or lifting them out of the crib can result in back injuries. Additionally, with children around the house, you might slip and fall on a toy.

Children are also susceptible to injuries when in daycare. It is common for children to experience minor bumps, bruises, scrapes, and cuts.

Dangers of Cooking

Cooking is necessary. Unfortunately, most recipes require a source of heat, making meal prep a legitimate fire hazard. 

Using grease or cooking oil can result in pan fires, and if you do not put them out correctly, the fire can spread quickly to other parts of the house. Aside from a house fire, you might end up with several burns when cooking dinner for the family.

You can also injure your back moving heavy dishes from one space to the other. Additionally, you might find your knees and hips begin to hurt because you are forced to stand for long periods.

Dangers of Household Chores

When you think of household chores, what comes to mind:

  • Dishes
  • Vacuuming
  • Mowing the lawn
  • Appliance repair

Any household tasks can result in electrocution, dismemberment, broken bones, and other severe injuries. Mowing the lawn, for instance, requires the pushing around of a high-powered blade. Depending on the type of mower you have, there are several potential safety risks. A riding mower can slip into gear without the operator. A push mower can shoot debris into the operator’s face, resulting in eye injuries or blindness. 

Using appliances or attempting appliance repair as a novice or expert can lead to electrocution. Any time you are trying to fix an electronic device, it is crucial to double-check the power source to the device, ensuring it is off.

Dangers of Walking, Running, or Exercise

Fundamental exercises, like walking and running, can also lead to injuries. Many people take walking for granted, thinking they are experienced enough to try and multitask, but that is a mistake. Walking and talking on your phone or texting can and does result in several deaths per year.

Regardless of what you choose to do with your free time, make sure that you are entirely in it. Complacency leads to accidents, injuries, and deaths, even doing the most basic everyday tasks.

Can you think of an everyday activity that is dangerous or an example of when you injured yourself doing something routine? Leave a comment.

CategoriesPrepping Survivalism

Backyard Plantings That Can Be Used Medicinally

With a growing dependence on technology and modern medicines, people often forget that most medications are based on herbology — the use of botanical knowledge, plants, and herbs to medically treat patient symptoms. While there is no denying the complexity and efficacy of many modern medical practices, there is also no evading the truth that medications are often deeply rooted in ancient herbal teachings and practices.

That said, seeking modern medical attention rather than using a poultice made from herbs is likely preferable in emergencies. However, as a prepper, being aware of the potential healing power of backyard herbs is a must. While there are many herbs and mixes with healing qualities, five, in particular, are easy to grow and relatively common in the wild.

1. Sage

Salvia officinalis or common sage is a perennial herb that typically grows in dry, hot climates. It requires full sun and does best in sandy soil. Preppers and survivalists will find this herb most beneficial for treating fevers and excessive sweating because of its phytosterol properties. Additionally, you can use sage to treat other problems, including:

  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive phlegm
  • Throat inflammation

You use sage for medicinal properties by using the leaves in a tea or drying and eating them. If you choose to use the leaves in tea, you will need to avoid evaporation. Cover the tea for at least ten minutes before drinking it to protect the critical ingredients.

2. Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis or rosemary is a common herb that thrives in dry, well-drained soil and humid climates. It is an anti-inflammatory, which means it helps maintain antioxidant levels and improve circulation. To use rosemary, you should brew it into tea.

Beyond its anti-inflammatory properties, rosemary is a capable herb. The carnosic acid in the herb means it is a preventative for many conditions, including:

  • Headaches
  • Neurological degeneration
  • Strokes
  • Memory loss

3. Peppermint

Mentha piperita or peppermint is an excellent remedy for gastrointestinal problems because it helps relieve intestinal muscle strain while improving bile flow. You can use peppermint to treat a variety of conditions, including:

  • Gastric emptying disorders
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • Colonic spasms
  • Dyspepsia

Additionally, as the active ingredient in peppermint is menthol, it can work as a decongestant or expectorant, even soothe sore throats. To get the most out of peppermint, it is best to extract the essential oil. Removing the oil will require steeping the crushed leaves with vodka inside of a covered jar. The potency of the extract will depend on the duration of the steeping. When you finish steeping the leaves, you can strain them, leaving the extract behind.

4. Hyssop

One of the most effective plants for survival is Hyssopus officinalis or hyssop. The plant has natural antiseptic properties and is quite helpful as a poultice for treating scrapes, cuts, and bruises. You can also boil the leaves, straining the mixture to soak bandages.

5. Catnip

In survival situations, it is not uncommon for people to get anxious or suffer from other psychological conditions, like insomnia. Nepeta cataria or catnip can help. The plant acts as a natural sedative and can help calm and relax the body. You will first dry the leaves. Then, you can either coat them in honey and eat them or use them in tea.

Sometimes, in survival situations, you might have to rely on what is available in your backyard for medical treatment. The five herbs above are excellent and common plants; there are many more for the interested prepper. What are some other plants with medicinal purposes you know about?

CategoriesPrepping Survivalism

What To Look for in a EDC Knife

An everyday carry knife is a staple amongst preppers and survivalists. However, with the large selection of knives on the market, it can be challenging to find an EDC knife that’s worthwhile.

Choosing the Best EDC Pocket Knife

Ultimately, the perfect everyday carry knife depends on personal preference. As long as the knife fits within the regulatory limits, most other characteristics will depend on the user. However, most people prefer a folding knife with a pocket clip, locking mechanism, and a 2.5“ to 3” long blade. Regardless of your preference, there are still several things you will need to consider as you shop for your next EDC knife.


When looking for a knife, you want to consider that you will have the knife on you at all times. Therefore, you will want a knife that is inconspicuous, unobtrusive, and comfortable. However, you do not want a knife that is too small. Most people prefer to find an EDC knife that is approximately 4“ long when closed and is lightweight, around 3.25 oz.

Length and Shape

While you do not want the collapsed body to be any longer than 4“, that doesn’t mean the blade length should be equal. A good-sized blade will be no longer than 3.5” when looking at drop-point blades. Looking for longer knives will often result in clumsy handling. The shorter length is suitable for most cutting and defense tasks. However, before purchasing a knife for everyday carry, check local regulations. Most jurisdictions will have length limits to consider.

Handle Material

While the blade is the most important consideration when selecting a knife, the handle comes in as a close second. The handle material helps with grip and stability. There are several materials to choose from, including:

  • Wood
  • Anodized aluminum
  • Micarta canvas
  • G10

G10 is a popular handle material because it is lightweight and provides a good grip. However, tastes will play a role in what material you select.

Locking System

There are many locking mechanisms to choose from. You can find ambidextrous models or mechanisms that move your fingers out of the way. The objective is to find a mechanism that is sturdy and durable and fits your style of use. Again, you will need to check with local regulations to see what types of locking knives are permitted in your area.

Blade Steel

There are many types of steel to consider when purchasing a knife. However, you mainly want to look out for the cutting performance, corrosion resistance, edge retention, and ease of maintenance.


Finally, the last consideration to make when purchasing a knife is style. There are tactical knives, classy knives, traditional knives, etc. As long as the knife you choose is durable and capable of performing the way you need it to, you can feel free to select any style that speaks to you.

List of the Best EDC Knives on the Market

While there are many knives on the market, only a few stand out as being the type of all-around EDC knife a majority of people would benefit from owning. Below are the top 10 best EDC knives currently on the market:

  1. Spyderco Para 3 Lightweight Pocket Knife
  2. CJRB Small Feldspar Pocket Knife
  3. Kershaw Anso Fraxion Pocket Knife
  4. CIVIVI Elementum Pocket Knife
  5. Gerber Sedulo Pocket Knife
  6. CRKT CEO Pocket Knife
  7. Opinel No. 6 Carbon Pocket Knife
  8. SOG Terminus XR LTE Pocket Knife
  9. SOG Stout FLK Pocket Knife
  10. CRKT Pilar III Pocket Knife

What is your favorite EDC knife? Leave a comment below.

CategoriesHome Defense Hunting Prepping Survivalism Weapons

Why the Right To Bear Arms Is Still Extremely Relevant

Quick! How many times within the last year have you heard that you don’t “need” to have guns? If you’re like many outspoken gun owners, you have probably lost count. People have various reasons for their favorite anti-gun arguments. Some say that no one needs guns because they can just call the police when they need help. Others insist that you can fight off a gun-wielding attacker with a knife, baseball bat, or another inferior weapon. Still others claim that if all guns are outlawed, no one will be at risk of gun violence anymore.

If you’re confused by all the pro- and anti-gun rhetoric, you’re not alone. Many people struggle to understand how necessary guns really are in today’s world. Could those calling for more gun control be right, or could they be horribly misguided? To help answer your questions, here are a few reasons why the right to bear arms is still extremely relevant today.

The Second Amendment Is Not Outdated

Our forefathers were very wise people. They willingly fought and risked their lives to escape a tyrannical government. The last thing they wanted to do was create a new government that had any chance of becoming like the one they ran away from. This was the primary reason they included the Second Amendment in the Constitution of the United States.

By giving the people the right to keep and bear arms, the founders protected citizens of the United States from forced government encroachments and takeovers. With how divided and caustic our country has become in recent years, it’s clear to see we still need that protection today.

Tyranny doesn’t have an expiration date, and there’s no reason we should think it’s limited to governments of yesteryear. In fact, there are several dictatorial governments in the world already (Cuba is just one example), so there’s no reason to think the heads of our government wouldn’t try it too if they could successfully disarm the citizens of our great nation.  

Crime Rates Are Rising Fast

Crime rates in major cities are rising at unprecedented rates. From April 2020 to April 2021 alone, homicide rates in major American cities increased 33%. Taking away the peoples’ right to protect themselves from criminals makes no sense in our current situation.

Some claim that if there are no more guns, you can’t be killed by one. But savvy criminals always find a way to get their hands on the things they want. As a wise man once said, “when guns are outlawed, only the outlaws will have guns.”

Guns Create Equality

Equality is a buzzword these days, right? A growing number of people want equal outcomes when it comes to professional pay, education, and living standards. But when it comes to defending oneself, there are some who suddenly abandon their equality ideals. It’s a strange phenomenon.

If you look at guns as the great equalizers, you’ll see that they are very necessary today. They help put people who might be physically disadvantaged (such as females, people with disabilities, and the elderly) on equal ground with their attackers. If you have a gun, you have hope of fighting off anyone who tries to harm you, no matter how much larger or physically stronger they may be than you. Sometimes, all you need to do is show a gun and the bad guy runs away (though it’s an unspoken rule that you should only pull a gun out if you are prepared to use it).

Guns aren’t the evil things they’re often portrayed to be. After all, they’re just inanimate objects. It’s the people who wield them who determine whether they are used for good or ill, to harm or to preserve.

What do you think about the recent talk on gun rights? Do you think guns should be more tightly controlled or that the Second Amendment should not be infringed upon? Let us know in the comments section!


What To Do When Trapped by a Wildfire

As a survivalist, it is natural to explore the outdoors. Camping and hiking are often a part of your lifestyle. While that is an excellent way to spend your time, there are times where the urge to be outdoors can lead to trouble. 

California and other areas of the world are seeing record numbers of wildfires. It is not uncommon for people to become trapped in areas where the fire took an unexpected turn or the wind suddenly shifted. While many people might assume being trapped in a wildfire is an automatic death sentence, it is not. The key to survival is staying calm and remember several basics.

Location Is Paramount to Survival

It shouldn’t be too surprising to most survivalists that your survival in a wildfire depends on your ability to find a safe zone. Despite so many assumptions, finding a water source is not always possible or best. 

If you can find a water source, one that is not so deep that you can drown or so shallow that the heat and fire can burn your face and body, you want to lay flat and try to avoid breathing in the hot air directly. Using a damp cloth to create a barrier is best.

If possible, a safer option is to locate a clearing with little to no potential kindling for the fire. Some of the best options are rock formations or areas with little to no vegetation.

Running Is Not Always the Best Option

Many people panic when they realize they are in the path of a wildfire and decide to run for safety. While running is an effective strategy if you are close enough to a clearing or safe zone, it is not optimal if the clearing is more than 100 yards away with the fire nearby. Depending on the type of wildfire, the flames can move at approximately six to 14 mph or roughly one acre every five seconds.

Sometimes, your best option is to find an adequate shelter nearest your location. While not optimal, you have a better chance of survival preparing a space than trying to outrun a fire.

Stay Calm and Hunker Down

If a wildfire is in the immediate vicinity, you will need to find shelter as quickly as possible. The best options are to find rock formations, dead trees, or shallow water to hunker down. If you find a rock formation or large bolder, get behind it to shield yourself from the heat. To protect your airway, you will want to lay down on your stomach, keeping your face as close to the ground as possible. The air closest to the ground will be the coolest, helping to protect your airway.

Use a Controlled Burn

If you have enough time and cannot find a safe location, you can attempt a controlled burn, especially if you are in an open grassy field. You do not need an overly large area, only enough to allow you to lay down. Also, after burning the area, dig down a way to give yourself more protection against the incoming flames. The lower in the ground, the more easily you can find cooler air to breathe. 

Most people will never need to worry about how to survive being trapped in a wildfire. However, as a survivalist who spends a great deal of time outdoors, it is always better to be safe than sorry. The techniques above, while not guarantees for survival, do present some of the best options.

Do you have any other advice or pointers? Leave a comment below.

CategoriesHome Defense Survivalism Weapons

4 Ways to Improve Your Situational Awareness

It happens all the time in movies. An unsuspecting victim is living blissfully unaware of his or her surroundings when a shady character sneaks up and attacks him or her from behind. Or there are those maddening movie scenes that depict a brain-dead homeowner who hears a noise in the basement and goes down to investigate without so much as a baseball bat for protection. These movies show an embarrassing lack of situational awareness and basic preservation skills.

Though real life is nothing like the movies, there are still some parallels that can be drawn between the two. In real life (just as in the movies), you’re more likely to become a victim if you aren’t aware of what’s going on around you. Simply paying attention to your surroundings can make you a much less desirable target for a criminal.  

Increasing your situational awareness can increase your likelihood of escaping dangerous situations. Here are five ways to improve your situational awareness so you don’t become an unsuspecting victim.

1. Be Aware of What a “Normal” Situation Looks Like

If you want to improve your situational awareness, you first have to establish a “normal” environmental baseline. Determine what sounds, sights and behaviors you should expect in your current situation so you can immediately pinpoint anything that falls outside of “normal.”

For example, if you’re hiking in the woods, you can expect to hear few noises except for insects, birds, and the occasional passing hiker. If the woods are abnormally quiet, you should be on alert for predators (of the human or animal variety), or for dangerous weather.

If you’re driving on a busy street, you should expect the normal sights and sounds of traffic. If something seems “off” from the usual, keep an eye out for potential danger.

2. Assess Your Surroundings for Potential Threats

Situational awareness is not synonymous with paranoia. You shouldn’t be overly stressed when you’re living your daily life. However, you should be consistently checking your surroundings for potential threats. You can do this in a casual, low-stress way. Here are a few habits that can increase your situational awareness:

  • Pay attention to what’s going on around you (including sounds, sights, smells and the overall feeling in the air).
  • Make note of anyone or anything that seems out of place or suspicious. Watch the person or thing in question to assess whether or not you’re in a potentially dangerous situation.
  • Consider whether a suspicious individual could be carrying a weapon or could have access to a nearby item that could be used as a weapon (such as a chain, baseball bat or shovel).
  • Look for suitcases, bags or other similar items that are left in a crowded area without an owner nearby. This is a common way criminals hide explosives.

If you have an uneasy feeling about a specific individual or your environment, move on to the next step.

3. Look for an Escape Route

If you’re generally a calm person but you can’t shake an uneasy feeling, pay attention to your instincts. Look for different escape routes you can use to get out of the situation or place you’re currently in. Once you have identified a good escape route, use it to get away from a potentially dangerous environment.

4. Plan How You Will Respond

If you feel a little suspicious but don’t have an opportunity to get away from the situation, imagine different scenarios in your head and imagine how you will respond. If someone attempts to attack you or people near you, what will you do? If someone draws a weapon such as a gun, are there places nearby that will provide you with shelter (such as desks, pillars, cars, etc.)? A good plan can help you avoid freezing up and becoming a stationary target.

These are all important components of situational awareness. Do you have any other situational awareness suggestions? Let us know in the comments section!

CategoriesDisaster Response Prepping Survivalism

Will the Next Pandemic Be Fungal?

What happened in India’s hospitals with black fungus has investigators worried. Could the next pandemic come from a fungus?

What Are Fungi?

Fungi are a type of microorganism that includes molds, mildews and yeasts. The mold that grows in damp areas of the home is a fungus, and so are the infections responsible for “athlete’s foot” and yellowing toenails.

It’s normal for the body to have balanced levels of certain fungi, and they can even be beneficial for the skin or for digestion. If unhealthy microbes enter the bloodstream, however, they can trigger dangerous infections.

What Fungi May Trigger a Pandemic?

We don’t necessarily have to wait to see the next potential cause of a global pandemic. It may already be here:

  • Candida auris: A type of yeast,  auris is a major threat. It can hide in tubes and treatment equipment that hasn’t been properly sterilized. Any outbreak leads to immediate lockdown procedures in hospitals because it’s so dangerous.
  • Aspergillus: This kind of fungus grows practically everywhere. It’s involved in breaking down vegetation, so it’s abundant in nature. It can appear inside or outside homes in the United States. It’s not normally dangerous, but it can trigger serious lung infections in people with compromised immune systems.

Some infections are caused by fungi that live in soil, such as the fungus responsible for Valley Fever in the Southwestern United States and Taloromyces in Asia. Sporothrix brasiliensis is a type of fungus that can be transmitted to humans via bites and scratches from animals

What Makes Fungal Infections Dangerous?

The risk of C. auris is showing that fungi are a ticking time bomb. Here’s why they’re so dangerous:

  • Treatment resistant: C. auris is resistant to common drugs. In other words, if someone gets infected, especially with immune system problems, the risk of dying is high.
  • Hard to eradicate: Unlike viruses and bacteria, eliminating fungi is difficult. They can resist common cleaning methods. C. auris is resistant to many ammonium-based disinfectants, for example.

Fast growing: C. auris can live and spread rapidly on plastic, metal, paper, and fabric. It can infiltrate ventilation systems, breathing tubes, nursing home areas and hospital equipment.

Why Now?

What is causing these “new” and scary fungal outbreaks in different parts of the world? In a way, we are.

Modern technological advances have indirectly caused problems with serious fungal infections. For example, many crops are doused in fungicides to enhance production. This can lead to organisms that are heavily resistant to elimination.

Also, global warming may allow fungi to spread to areas where they couldn’t live before. Tropical fungi can now travel further north. Also, transportation means goods carrying fungi can enter the U.S. from Asia, South America, Africa and practically anywhere else.

How To Prep?

HEPA air filtration is one of the only ways to keep mold spores and fungi out of sealed spaces. A sealed, airtight suit may be necessary in the case of a truly mortal global outbreak of mold spores or fungi. As far as current threats are concerned, be careful with anything that weakens your immune system. In the case of surgery at a hospital, you can demand new tubes for any equipment connected to your body.

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